In 1928, the Laboratory of Synthetic Rubber was founded at the Leningrad University by famous academician Sergey V. Lebedev who invented the first industrial synthetic rubber production process. In 1944 the Laboratory received the status of sub-department (chair) of Chemical Faculty.
Professors S.N. Danilov, A.I. Yakubchik, B.I. Tikhomirov, V.S. Ivanov and A.Yu. Bilibin (since 1990) headed the Department.