Department of Physical Chemistry
Konstantin N. Mikhelson, Dr. Sc., professor.
- Maria A. Peshkova, assistant professor
- Elena V. Solovyeva, assistant professor
- Galina A. Khripoun, leading engineer
- Andrey V. Kalinichev, Ph.D. student
- Nadezhda V. Pokhvishcheva, master student
- Timur M. Galiullin, bachelor student
- Yevgenia O. Kondratyeva, bachelor student
- Olga V. Odintsova, bachelor student
- Ilya V. Rudenko, bachelor student
- Alexey N. Smirnov, bachelor student
- Ionophore-based Electrochemical and Optical Sensors: Ion-selective Electrodes, Optodes, Ampero- Coulo- and Voltammetric Sensors.
- Raman Spectroscopy in Systems with Molecules Combining Spectral-active and Ionophore Fragments.
General Fields of Research Projects
The research in the Group is focused on electrochemical and optical ion sensors utilizing different signal transduction mechanisms: potentiometry, voltammetry, change of color, luminescence, IR and Raman spectrometry, SERS. As sensor agents studied and used in the research, ionophores predominate. The Group also has experience in other fields of sensorics: amperometric and nanowire-based resistometric sensors. The research focuses on the state-of-the-art concepts of sensorics, on the development of novel sensing principles and operation mechanisms for sensors to drastically broaden their application areas.
- A.V.Kalinichev, N.V. Pokhvishcheva, M.A.Peshkova, Novel color standards for digital color analysis of optochemical sensor arrays, Talanta 197 (2019) 638-644; DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2019.01.063
- Ye.O. Kondratyeva, E.V. Solovyeva, G.A. Khripoun, K.N. Mikhelson, Non-constancy of the bulk resistance of ionophore-based ion-selective electrode: A result of electrolyte co-extraction or of something else? Electrochim. Acta 259 (2018) 458-465; DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2017.10.176
- D.I. Dekina, A.V. Kalinichev, N.V. Pokhvishcheva, M.A. Peshkova, K.N. Mikhelson, Effects of quantitative composition of the sensing phase in the response of ionophore-based optical sensors, Sens. & Actuat. B, 277 (2018) 535-543; DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2018.09.018
- E.V. Solovyeva, E.V. Ubyivovk, A.S. Denisova, Effect of diaminostilbene as a molecular linker on Ag nanoparticles: SERS study of aggregation and interparticle hot spots in various environments, Coll. Surf. A, 528 (2018) 542-548; DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2017.11.040
- A. Ivanova, K. Mikhelson, Electrochemical Properties of Nitrate-Selective Electrodes: The Dependence of Resistance on the Solution Concentration, Sensors (2018) 18 2062; DOI: 10.3390/s18072062
- A.V. Kalinichev, A. Frosinyuk, M.A. Peshkova, K.N. Mikhelson, The impact of ion association in the optode phase to the dynamic range and the sensitivity of the response of ion-selective bulk optodes, Sens. & Actuat. B 249 (2017) 123–130; DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2017.03.088
- I.S. Muratova, K.N. Mikhelson, Yu. Ermolenko, A. Offenhäusser, Yu. Mourzina, On “resistance overpotential” caused by a potential drop along the ultrathin high aspect ratio gold nanowire electrodes in cyclic voltammetry, J. Sol. State Electrochem, 20 (2016) 3359–3365; DOI: 10.1007/s10008-016-3280-x
- I.S. Muratova, K.N. Mikhelson, Y.E. Ermolenko, A. Offenhäusser, Yu. Mourzina, Chemiresistors based on ultrathin gold nanowires for sensing halides, pyridine and dopamine, Sens. & Actuat. B, 232 (2016) 420-427; DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2016.03.151
- A.D. Ivanova, E.S. Koltashova, E.V. Solovyeva, M.A. Peshkova, K.N. Mikhelson, Impact of the Electrolyte Co-Extraction to the Response of the Ionophore-based Ion-Selective Electrodes, Electrochim. Acta 213 (2016) 439–446; DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2016.07.142
- The influence of the heterogeneity of membrane materials on the electrochemical properties of sensor membranes containing neutral and charged ionophores, Konstantin Mikhelson, Russian Foundation for Basic Research, 2019–2021.
- The contributions of the ion exchange and of the co-extraction of the electrolytes to the values of the electrical potential and conductivity in the solution/membrane/solution systems, Konstantin Mikhelson, Russian Foundation for Basic Research, 2015–2017.
- Miniaturized multianalyte optochemical platform for autonomous in situ monitoring of hydroponic nutrient solutions, Maria Peshkova, Russian Scientific Foundation, young scientists grants, 2018–2020.
- Development of new organometallic substrates with "hot spots" promising for the use in highly efficient components of nanophotonics, Elena Solovyeva, Russian Scientific Foundation, young scientists grants, 2017–2019.
- Development of miniaturized multianalyte platform of polymeric optical sensors for express-determination of blood electrolyte, Maria Peshkova, RF President’s stipend for young scientists and Ph.D. students, 2018–2020.
Ion-selective electrodes (ISEs)
ISEs, ionophore-based potentiometric sensors are known since 1960-s, and are routinely applied in clinical analysis, in different fields of industry and agriculture, in environmental monitoring and in science. In the field of ISEs the group has a priority in the development of a novel approach to measurements with these sensors: tuned galvanostatic polarization. This allowed for a drastic improvement of the ISEs work span: from conventional 10−5 – 10‑1mol/l to 10−10– 1 mol/l, with linear Nernstian response over this whole concentration range.
The in-depth theoretical and experimental studies of ISEs (chronopotentiometry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy) allowed, for the first time, explaining the origin of the deviations of the real-world ISEs response slope from the theoretical Nernstian value. Earlier in the group a method was proposed for the quantification of the species interactions in sensor membranes: the segmented sandwich membrane potentiometry. Current fundamental research is focused on the peculiar regularities of the ISE membrane bulk resistances and on the possibility of the use of ISEs in voltammetric mode.
Polymeric plasticizers for the ISE membranes are studied as alternative for traditional low-molecular weight compounds in order to increase the life time of the sensors. The ultimate goal of the current practically-oriented studies is to help medical doctors revealing the origin of calcination of coronary vessels.
Ion-selective optodes are sensors that convert information about the analyte content in the solution into an optical signal. Low cost, low power consumption, easy registration and interpretation of the signal, as well as low detection limits and wide miniaturization capabilities favorably distinguish ion-selective optodes from electrochemical sensors and more sophisticated analytical equipment. However, known optodes although called “ion optodes”, in fact are sensitive to the mean electrolyte activity and can determine either the ratio or the product of the activities of two ions in solution, e.g. pH and Na+. Therefore, the Group aims its research in the area of optodes on the development of optical sensors for measuring individual ion activity. The respective in-depth studies in this field refer to theoretical description of the optode response, in particular at establishing quantitative relations between the sensor composition and its properties by means of computer simulation of the sensor response. It was shown for the first time in the group that it is possible to tune the quantities of the optode components so that the optode response is optimal for a given analytical task.
The group is also working on the development and testing of miniature sensing platforms for quantitative rapid detection of the main ions and trace elements in a multi-analyte mode in micro-samples of liquid biological media. Several types of the sensing platforms with conceptually novel sensing zones are being developed. Two ongoing start-up projects implement the findings in this area to create a disposable urine lead-test and disposable sensing cartridge and corresponding software for saliva monitoring.
Microphotographing with the colorimetric and fluorimetric optical sensors is being developed into precise and express alternative for the classical spectrometry for optical signal acquisition. Different methods of the signal processing are being studied such as RGB (red, green, blue) and HSB (hue, saturation, brightness) color spaces; various signal normalization techniques are being tested. Another aim of the research is developing novel color standards in order to substitute the traditional white balance in optode photography.
Studies of Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering – SERS, belong to emerging branches of science. Fundamental studies in this field open prospects for practically useful devices: novel kind of optical sensors with enormously low detection limits due to enhancing the signal (Raman spectra) by interaction with the substrate surface. Currently, the group works on (i) the development of new organometallic substrates with "hot spots", and (ii) SERS study of conformational and tautomeric transformations in molecular layers of bioactive compounds adsorbed on nanostructured metal surface.
The development of new substrates with "hot spots"is significant for progress in a number of advanced technologies such as the new generation of devices for recording and storing information, the optical computers and the optical sensory elements for highly sensitive instruments for chemical analysis. The Group works on the development of new class of Ag and Au plasmonic substrates with surfaces modified with photoactive molecular linkers. Such substrates allow for higher efficiency in localization of electromagnetic field, and, as a result – for higher enhancement of optical signal from the molecules immobilized on such substrates.
In relation to SERS studies of conformational and tautomeric transformations in molecular layers of bioactive compounds adsorbed on nanostructured metal surface, the objects of the Group’s research are bioactive molecules effectively used in clinical therapy. In particular, tautomeric, conformational and acid-basic equilibria in adsorption layers are studied under varying external conditions. The practical output of these studies will be the establishing of optimal conditions for transport and release of the active form for the targeted delivery of medicines based on the use of carrier substrates.
The Group also has experience in voltammetric, amperometric and resistometric sensors (the latter – in co-operation with ForschungszentrumJülich GmbH, Germany). Sensors developed in the Group are suitable for selective dopamine measurements, including in real urine samples.